Types of Tooth Extractions
There are several types of extractions Dr. Kreimer may perform depending on the positioning of the tooth and the health of the surrounding bone and tissues. The main types of extractions are:
A simple extraction is when the tooth is visible in the mouth, fully erupted through the gums, and has enough structure for the dentist to grip with instruments to remove it.
Surgical extraction is required for impacted or unerupted teeth, as the dentist needs full access to bone and gum tissue to extract it. Surgical extractions are often done for wisdom teeth.
A complex extraction is when significant bone removal or sectioning of the tooth is needed if the tooth has curved roots, is ankylosed (fused to bone), or is fractured below the gum line.
Soft Tissue Impaction
A soft tissue impaction is when the tooth is covered by gum tissue, which must be opened to access the tooth. Local anesthetics and sutures are needed.
Partial Bony Impaction
A partial bony impaction is when part of the tooth protrudes through gum and bone must be removed around the tooth to extract it.
Full Bony Impaction
A full bony impaction is when the tooth is completely encased in bone, which must be drilled away. This is most common with wisdom teeth.